Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) commonly arises from islet β cell failure and insulin resistance. Here, we examined the sensitivity of key islet-enriched transcription factors to oxidative stress, a condition associated with β cell dysfunction in both type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and T2DM. Hydrogen peroxide treatment of β cell lines induced cytoplasmic translocation of MAFA and NKX6.1. In parallel, the ability of nuclear PDX1 to bind endogenous target gene promoters was also dramatically reduced, whereas the activity of other key β cell transcriptional regulators was unaffected. MAFA levels were reduced, followed by a reduction in NKX6.1 upon development of hyperglycemia in
Shuangli Guo, Chunhua Dai, Min Guo, Brandon Taylor, Jamie S. Harmon, Maike Sander, R. Paul Robertson, Alvin C. Powers, Roland Stein
H2O2 treatment induces MAFA dephosphorylation in βTC-3 cells but not in HeLa or αTC-6 cells.